Bees are notorious for their stings, but humans aren’t the only ones who experience this pain in the neck (or the arm, or the leg…). In protecting their hives from outsiders, some “guard bees” will actually stay by the entrance and sniff the bees that come in. If there’s a rogue bee from another hive trying to steal some nectar, the guard bee will bite and even sting the intruder.
There are three types of bees in the hive – Queen, Worker and Drone.
The queen may lay 600-800 or even 1,500 eggs each day during her 3 or 4 year lifetime. This daily egg production may equal her own weight. She is constantly fed and groomed by attendant worker bees.
Honey bees fly at 15 miles per hour.
Honey bees’ wings stroke 11,400 times per minute, thus making their distinctive buzz.
Honeybees are the only insect that produce food for humans.
Honeybees will usually travel approximately 3 miles from their hive.
Honeybees are the only bees that die after they sting.
Honeybees are responsible for pollinating approx. 80% of all fruit, vegetable and seed crops in the U.S.
Honeybees have five eyes, 3 small ones on top of the head and two big ones in front. They also have hair on their eyes!
Bees communicate with each other by dancing and by using pheromones (scents).
Honeybees never sleep!
Showers aren’t just good for your hygiene—they’re good for your creativity, too. A recent study out of Drexel University found that over seven out of 10 people have reported experiencing an insight or breakthrough while in the shower. Other solitary activities, like taking a walk and daydreaming, show similar opportunities for inspiration.
1.there’s no better way to wake up in the morning than with a great shower
Look, no matter how the day before (or the night before) worked out for you, each and every one of us need a little bit of help jumpstarting our morning. It really doesn’t get any better than a nice cup of coffee and a good long hot (or cold) shower!
2) It’s a great way to relax after a long day at work
On the flip side, we are all dealing with a lot more stress and pressure than we are probably used to – and it’s only getting worse and worse as time goes on.
Stepping into a nice warm shower after a long stressful day at work is the best way to relax, unwind, and just kind of let it all out. The worry and stress of the previous day just seems to head down the drain with all the warm water that cascades off your body.
3) It’s the ONLY way to get the smell of the gym off of you
If you’re like millions and millions of people all over the world that are busy getting in solid work at the gym every day, keeping yourself healthy and looking your very best, your cranking up quite a bit of sweat and more than a little bit of “funk” at the same time.
The only way – the ONLY way – to get rid of the smell of the gym on your body (regardless of what you may have heard from those AXE body spray commercials) is to spend a little bit of time underneath the shower.
4) You’ll have a chance to clear your mind and open up “shower thoughts”
Each and every single person has had some of their best thoughts, some of their best ideas, and some of their best breakthroughs standing underneath the head of a shower as the hot water just comes pouring down.
There’s something about the silence that sets us up perfectly to clear our minds, to open up our creativity, and to just kind of work through any and all of the issues that have been bugging us down for a while.
If you need a big breakthrough, give the shower a try!
5) Your skin and your hair will thank you
Although there are some that aren’t all that crazy about showering every day because they think it’s bad for your skin or your hair, the truth of the matter is daily showers aren’t ever going to cause you any trouble unless you’re using heavy-duty cleaners every time you step under the water.
So skip the super shampoo or the body washes every other time you climb underneath the shower head and you won’t have anything to worry about at all!
In fact, your skin and your hair will be in even better shape if you pay attention to this advice.
6) The shower is the perfect place to speed up recovery and breakdown tightness in your body
There’s a reason why elite level athletes all over the world make their first trip into the locker room a trip to the shower, then the hot job, and then an ice bath – and maybe back around again after that.
Water has an amazing ability to help speed up rest and recovery, as well as breakdown all of the kind of tightness in tension you’ve likely built up over time. Hot water and cold water, when used in conjunction with another in the shower, can really help you breathe new life into your body, speed up recovery come and help you eliminate aches and pains.
7) You’ll be able to “get away from it all” for at least a little while
It’s almost impossible to get a little bit of quiet time these days.
Almost all of us have ridiculously fast paced lifestyles, are always attached to a mobile device, and really don’t have even the littlest bit of time for ourselves. The shower gives you a chance to step out of the rest of the world for 15 minutes or so and just kind of center yourself.
8) It’s the next best thing to a hot tub
If you have ever spent any time in a boiling hot on top, just sitting and relaxing away, you know exactly how beneficial a super hot shower can be.
Resting underneath a pounding shower head that is pouring hot water all over your body is going to give you a big boost, but it’s going to work even better if you hit yourself with a blast of cold water before you slide under the hottest water you can handle.
It really doesn’t get any better than that!
9) You’ll feel more confident attacking the day after a nice long shower
Everybody feels a lot better when they have taken a shower.
People feel cleaner, people feel more organized, and people feel more clearheaded. There’s just something about the shower in the ritualistic process of washing everything away that gives us a second chance to start the day fresh again that’s really rewarding.
The odds are pretty good that you were going to feel super confident attacking the day after nice long hot shower!
10) You’ll get the chance to wrap yourself in a nice toasty towel
With the help of the best towel warmers money can buy, you’re going to be able to wrap up each and every single shower with a nice fluffy and toasty towel. You can say goodbye to damp or chilly towels (especially in the colder weather), and start your day off the right way with a beautifully toasted towel courtesy of your new towel warmer!
Despite the massive impact dementia has on the economy and people’s livelihoods, there are still many misconceptions about it. There are also some facts that still surprise people.
1. Alzheimer’s disease and dementia are not the same thing
Dementia is a term used for symptoms like confusion, memory loss, mood changes and personality changes. There are a whole range of conditions that can cause dementia, not just Alzheimer’s. The most common are Alzheimer’s Disease, dementia with Lewy bodies, vascular dementia and Frontotemporal dementia.
“Sometimes people will say to me, ‘Oh well, she has Alzheimer’s disease, but she doesn’t have dementia…’ But really, if you have Alzheimer’s disease and you’re showing symptoms, then you have dementia,” said Laura Phipps, the head of communications and engagement at Alzheimer’s Research UK. “Dementia is just a word for the symptoms.”
2. People react differently to the words
Although dementia and Alzheimer’s are often confused, people tend to have different reactions to hearing each word.
“When you ask them to think about Alzheimer’s disease, they will put that in with other physical health conditions, like heart disease, stroke, cancer, diabetes,” Phipps said. “And when you ask them to think about dementia, they don’t know what to do with it, and they tend to put it in with things like age and mental health.”
So even though dementia is caused by illnesses like Alzheimer’s, the word itself is conflated with being more of a mental disorder than something caused by a physical disease.
3. Dementia isn’t an inevitable part of getting older
A common misconception is that you get a bit forgetful as you get older, so dementia falls into that as an inevitability that just happens to most people.
“They’ll say, ‘Oh yeah, my grandma had dementia but she was very old,’ so it’s almost followed by an excuse that it was OK because they were old,” Phipps said. “And so I think that drives this kind of view in society that the diseases that cause dementia are not that important because there’s not much you can do about them.”
But this isn’t true. Dementia is caused by diseases. People understand cancer is a disease, that you shouldn’t have it and it’s unfair, Phipps said, but that’s not yet universally accepted by people when it comes to dementia.
4. At 90, more people don’t have dementia than do
By the time people get to 90 years old, they are more likely not to have any diseases that cause dementia than to have one.
Phipps said dementia research is behind a lot of other research because there is an extra mountain to climb. Because people think dementia is inevitable, they are less likely to want to support and fund research.
5. Almost half of adults don’t realize it causes death
A survey by Alzheimer’s Research UK found that 51% of adults recognize that dementia leads to death. That means almost half don’t realize, even though it’s the UK’s leading cause of death.
“These are physical diseases that ultimately are terminal — they will shorten your life,” Phipps said. “But people don’t recognize that, and again this just shows there is a lack of seriousness about it.
“You hear people joke about it, like, ‘Oh have you got Alzheimer’s?’ And actually, you wouldn’t joke about someone having another fatal illness. It’s not appropriate in society to do that. But people will still do that about dementia because they don’t recognize that diseases that cause dementia like Alzheimer’s are terminal. They will end your life too soon.”
6. There are more symptoms than memory loss
There is a slightly simplified view of dementia that it’s all about becoming forgetful when you get older. Memory loss is the most common symptom, Phipps said, but there are many more.
“As dementia progresses, people get more and more symptoms, including physical symptoms,” she said. “So they won’t be able to move around, they’ll have difficulty speaking, they’ll have trouble swallowing — and it’s ultimately those symptoms that make people immobile and much more frail and susceptible to things like falls or infections that they don’t recover from.”
7. A third of risk factors are within our control
People often understand the risk of dementia, Phipps said. About a third of cases of dementia could actually be down to risk factors that are in our control.
Age is the biggest risk factor because dementia mostly affects older people. Some people have a genetic predisposition to developing diseases like Alzheimer’s, which is out of their control.
“But there are also lifestyle factors that can influence your risk of dementia,” Phipps said. “And at a population level, these come out as things like smoking, like depression, physical inactivity, high blood pressure … so often it’s things that are likely to impact your heart.”
Only about a quarter of UK adults realize there is anything they can do to reduce their risk of dementia, according to Alzheimer’s Research UK surveys.
“If you were to address things like having more aggressive treatment of blood pressure, or stopping people becoming overweight, and if nobody smoked, then we would see a reduction in the number of people getting dementia,” said Phipps. “So there are things people can do that are within their control that can reduce their risk of dementia.”
8. Heart health and brain health are intrinsically linked
Many of the risk factors associated with dementia are the same as those associated with heart health. This is because your brain and heart are intrinsically linked.
“The majority of the blood that is pumped by your heart is used by your brain,” said Phipps. “So anything that damages how your heart is working will have a knock-on effect on your brain health. And so a lot of the risk factors for dementia at the moment with the best evidence are also heart health risk factors.”
So even though people may be unsure about the risk factors of dementia, if you tell them it’s the same as the ones for cardiovascular disease, stroke and heart attacks, they might have a better idea.
9. Midlife is the most important window for risk reduction
Many of the most important avoidable risk factors for dementia appear in midlife, between the ages of about 40 and 64, according to the Alzheimer’s Society, such as type 2 diabetes and high blood pressure.
People who have had periods of depression in mid or later life also have increased rates of dementia
10. It doesn’t just affect old people
Dementia doesn’t just affect older people. About 2-8% of all cases worldwide affect younger people. In the UK, there are about 40,000 people under the age of 65 living with dementia, but people tend to think it’s not something that strikes until later life.
“In 2015 we did some polling, and 46% of people think dementia mostly affects older people, 15% think it affects only older people, and 9% think it can also affect younger people,” Phipps said.
11. Sometimes, it only affects sight and perception
Sometimes memory loss isn’t a symptom of dementia until it is very advanced. The type of dementia author Terry Pratchett had, for example, affected how his brain interpreted vision from his eyes.
“So actually he didn’t have memory loss until the late stages, but he couldn’t really see at all,” Phipps said. “So he couldn’t type, and had big gaps in his vision where he couldn’t see things.”
Alzheimer’s Research UK has a virtual-reality dementia experience online called A Walk Through Dementia, which shows some of the visual perception tricks dementia can have.
“One thing people often tell us about is that puddles on the ground can look like holes because there are issues with perception and depth perception and color perception,” said Phipps. “You know when you go into a shop and they used to have those big black mats in front of the door … for some people with dementia that looks like a massive abyss.”
Imagine being faced with large holes in the ground. It would be confusing and alarming. Phipps said this means people with dementia won’t go into shops, or they won’t enter bathrooms because the shiny floors look like water.
“If your brain was working 100% you would probably be able to perceive the difference between shiny and wet,” she said. “But if there’s damage in your brain you just can’t quite make the judgment. Those things seem small but they can have a huge impact.”
12. Aggression and confusion may come from these small perception errors
Small changes can have big impacts on how people with dementia live. It may be something small that is confusing them with a simple fix, but the person with dementia may not be able to articulate the problem.
“There’s a big movement now for people who are showing signs of aggression or agitation, and rather than immediately giving them anti-psychotic drugs, is to try and look at their environment,” said Phipps. “Because it might be something really small like a change in routine or a change in the lamps or the way shadows are being cast around the room that could be having a massive impact on their level of anxiety, causing them to be agitated and aggressive.”
Small tweaks to their environment, like having more lights or keeping the curtains open, could have a big impact on their quality of life.
13. Disrupted sleep can be a factor
Research has shown that disrupted sleep may be associated with a higher risk of early signs of Alzheimer’s disease. This could mean that sleeping badly is an early warning sign of someone developing dementia.
Bad sleep could either be a symptom of dementia, or a cause — or it could be that both are true.
Other research supports the sleep theory, with one study finding that just one night of disrupted sleep could lead to a spike in Alzheimer’s-related proteins.
14. There is no cure or treatment for the progression of diseases that cause dementia
There is currently no cure for the diseases that cause dementia, and no treatments that will modify the progression.
Some drugs can help people to address certain symptoms, but they don’t stop the disease progressing in the brain.
This is why understanding that dementia may be preventable is so important, Phipps said, because increased awareness means more research.
“There seems to be less stigma, and people seem to be more open about talking about diagnosis with someone, or having a conversation with somebody with dementia,” she said. “I think awareness of dementia is better than it’s ever been, but understanding of dementia hasn’t quite caught up.”
This was revealed in 2012, when Hitler’s medical documents were being auctioned to the public by Alexander Historical Auctions. According to the files, flatulence had become so pervasive of an issue that he had to regularly ingest 28 different drugs to keep his reputation “squeaky” clean.
A stunted libido, uncontrollable flatulence and an addiction to cocaine are a few of Adolf Hitler’s apparent health problems, as revealed by medical documents now up for auction at Alexander Historical Auctions in Stamford, Conn., according to the New York Daily News.
The embarrassing health problems — particularly Hitler’s “uncontrollable flatulence” — are a humorous reminder that history’s most despised and feared dictators are still human.
According to the medical records, which were commissioned by the U.S. military, Hitler regularly took up to 28 different drugs to attempt to restrain his farting. This included pills containing strychnine, a poison, “which probably explains his stomach pains,” said Bill Panagopoulos, president of Alexander Autographs.
The reports also show that der Führer required occasional “cleansing enemas,” which were activated using chamomile plants. Chamomile is a daisy-like plant that is also known for its ability to aid sleep and reduce stress. No doubt the high-strung dictator found some benefit in the plant’s psychological treatments too.
Speaking of being high-strung, the reports also indicate that Hitler was a full-blown cocaine addict — which may be less surprising to anyone who has listened to any of his agitated speeches. He apparently originally snorted the powered stuff as a treatment for blocked sinuses and to soothe a sore throat, but the reports indicate that his dosage had to be lowered after the dictator began to crave it.
Perhaps the most bizarre revelation to come out of the medical reports, however, is what Hitler took to revive his stunted libido: injections of bull semen. That’s right, der Führer was, on at least one occasion, loaded up with “extracts” from the seminal vesicles, testis and prostate of virile young bulls.
Disgusting? Yes. But did it work? If the fact that Hitler slept in a separate bed from his lifelong companion, Eva Braun, is any indication, probably not. At the very least, it’s another strange chapter in the life of one of history’s most hated madmen.
In all, the medical records are contained in 225 detailed pages and were written by seven of Hitler’s chief physicians. The full catalogues from the Alexander Historical Auctions can be found here and here. They also include X-ray copies of Hitler’s skull and sketches of the inside of his nose. Bidding for the documents will be completed this week, and the documents are expected to sell for as much as $2,000.