2010 The world’s first country-wide total tobacco ban goes into effectBhutan banned the cultivation, harvesting, production, and sale of tobacco and tobacco products. It is still legal in the South Asian country to smoke in a private setting, but obtaining tobacco products legally is close to impossible.
1976 South African police kill hundreds of protesting schoolchildrenAn estimated 20,000 youth were protesting against the introduction of Afrikaans as the languages of instruction in their schools when police officers started firing into the crowd. The “Soweto uprising” is today commemorated on Youth Day each year.
1967 The Monterey Pop Festival opensThe three-day concert event featured historic performances by Jimi Hendrix, The Who, Ravi Shankar, and Janis Joplin.
1963 Valentina Tereshkova becomes the first woman in spaceThe Soviet cosmonaut completed 48 orbits on board the spaceship “Vostok 6” before returning safely to Earth. The former textile worker was declared “Hero of the Soviet Union” and received the United Nations Gold Medal of Peace.
1960 Alfred Hitchcock’s film Psycho is premieredThe horror-thriller starring Anthony Perkins and Vera Miles has become one of the classics of the genre. The shower scene is one of the best-known murder scenes in the history of film.
Births On This Day – June 16
1971 Tupac ShakurAmerican rapper, producer, actor
1912 Enoch PowellBritish politician
1890 Stan LaurelEnglish actor, comedian
1882 Mohammad MosaddeghIranian politician, 60th Prime Minister of Iran
1723 Adam SmithScottish philosopher, economist
Deaths On This Day – June 16
2014 Tony GwynnAmerican baseball player, coach
1993 Lindsay HassettAustralian cricketer
1977 Wernher von BraunGerman physicist, engineer
1969 Harold Alexander, 1st Earl Alexander of TunisEnglish field marshal, 17th Governor General of Canada
1722 John Churchill, 1st Duke of MarlboroughEnglish general, politician