Different Kinds of Diabetes~6 types

The 6 Different Types of Diabetes

Mar 5, 2018 | Awareness https://thediabeticjourney.com/the-6-different-types-of-diabetes/

The 6 Different Types of Diabetes:

It’s not often that people will know about the 6 different types of diabetes, let alone the most common: type 1 and type 2 diabetes. Due to the complexity of the condition, it’s hard to properly diagnosis and distinguish between the different types of diabetes. But with more precise groupings, it will aid diagnosis and help towards responsive treatment.

Type 1 Diabetes

Type 1 Diabetes is an autoimmune disease that was once known as juvenile diabetes. Type 1 Diabetes occurs when the immune system attacks and destroys the insulin-producing (beta) cells in the pancreas. Approximately 5% of people with diabetes have this form. Symptoms can come on suddenly and progressively worsen. Symptoms of Type 1 Diabetes include Increased Thirst, Frequent Urination, Bed-wetting (in children), Extreme Hunger, Weight Loss, Irritability, Fatigue, Weakness, and Blurred vision. (If you notice these symptoms seek medical attention right away). People with Type 1 Diabetes need to inject insulin every day in order for the glucose they eat to be used for energy. Diet and/or exercise is NOT a cure for Type 1 Diabetes. There is no known cure, but researchers believe genetics and environmental factors play a factor.

Type 2 Diabetes

Type 2 Diabetes is a metabolic condition where the body doesn’t produce enough insulin or becomes resistant to it. Type 2 is the most common form and occurs in approximately 90% of people with diabetes. It can sometimes be controlled with proper diet and exercise, or a drug to enhance sensitivity to the body’s insulin production. But sometimes natural insulin production is insufficient and insulin injections are then needed to sustain normal blood glucose levels. You are more likely to develop type 2 diabetes if you are age 45 or older, have a family history of diabetes, or are overweight or obese.

Gestational Diabetes

Gestational Diabetes is a form of diabetes that is diagnosed during pregnancy. Approximately 2-5% of women pregnant women will develop this condition. Gestational Diabetes is normally detected in the middle of the pregnancy around 24 to 28 weeks. A glucose test will be conducted by giving the patient a sweet liquid to drink. If higher than normal glucose levels are detected in the urine, further testing will be done to verify if the patient is producing enough insulin. Once there is a proper diagnosis, the patient can manage diabetes with proper diet, exercise, and monitoring blood glucose levels. If treated effectively, there is little risk of complications. Women with gestational diabetes can have healthy babies and the condition (normally) goes away after delivery.


LADA stands for Latent Autoimmune Diabetes of Adulthood. Like Type 1 Diabetes, LADA or (Type 1.5) occurs when the body stops producing adequate insulin. The difference is LADA progresses slowly and insulin may still be produced even after diagnosis. LADA is usually diagnosed in adulthood. LADA often gets confused and misdiagnosed with Type 2 Diabetes because of the same symptoms. Proper diagnosis of LADA is difficult and requires proficient testing of antibodies. The treatment of LADA patients will be similar to Type 1 Diabetes once insulin production is gone completely.


MODY or (Maturity Onset Diabetes of the Young) is a rare form of diabetes. MODY is caused by a mutation or change in a single gene disrupting insulin production. MODY affects 1-2% of people with diabetes. It is normally diagnosed in ages 20 and younger but can affect any age. MODY is a dominant genetic condition meaning a gene can be inherited and passed down by either mother or father. There are 11 different types of diabetes (MODY) and diagnosis will determine different treatment. MODY 1, 3, and 4 can be managed with a type of medicine called sulfonylurea therapy. MODY 2 can be treated with a proper diet and exercise. MODY 5 may need multiple treatments because it can affect other health problems. MODY 7-11 were recently discovered and patients will likely respond to treatments given to other types of MODY.

Coughs~ Different Types


Coughing is one of those irritating symptoms that usually indicates a deeper health concern. Often, it can be hard to isolate the cough and figure out exactly why you are experiencing this uncomfortable condition. Many people simply reach for the cough syrup without a second thought, searching for some measure of relief. However, it is essential that you understand what different coughs mean and what they reveal about your health.

Any kind of cough is merely the body’s natural defense mechanism. When you cough, your body is trying to remove foreign or unwanted objects from your airway. In short, it is the final protective barrier between your mouth and lungs and is an essential tool for keeping a healthy airway.

Though it is difficult to pinpoint the source of a cough without medical intervention, these common conditions are often directly related to distinctive coughs that can help you narrow down an underlying cause.


Identifying factors: Usually a dry cough at first and turns into a wet cough with green, yellow, red, or rust-tinged mucus. The wet cough usually develops after a few days.

This is a bacterial or viral infection of the lungs and will be treated accordingly by your primary care physician. If it is bacterial, your doctor will usually prescribe antibiotics. Viral pneumonia is treated simply with rest and time. Keep in mind that you should always spit out extra mucus, as swallowing it can lead to an irritated stomach lining.

If you have pneumonia you may also experience fever, chills, trouble breathing, and pain when breathing in deeply or coughing.


Identifying factors: This is usually a hacking cough that produces excessive amounts of mucus in the morning and often gets better as the day progresses.

COPD, or chronic obstructive pulmonary disease is usually caused and exacerbated by smoking. This is a disease that includes both chronic bronchitis and emphysema. Emphysema causes the air sacs in your lungs to lose elasticity while chronic bronchitis is due to swelling in the lining of the lungs. COPD is usually treated with medication such as bronchodilators and inhaled steroids. It is also essential to stop smoking and depending on the severity, you may need oxygen therapy to restore lung health.

If you have COPD you may also notice persistent shortness of breath that is worsened with physical activity, chest tightness, wheezing, and fatigue.


Identifying factors: An asthmatic cough is usually a dry cough with a rattling or wheezing sound present in the lungs. It usually worsens with exercise or at night.

Asthma can be a serious condition and should not be taken lightly. If you suspect asthma, it is important to get a diagnosis from your doctor and begin to focus on taking deep, full breaths as soon as possible.

This condition causes inflamed airways and may be accompanied by fatigue, shortness of breath, and chest tightness.

Postnasal Drip

Identifying factors: This can be either a wet or dry cough and is caused by mucus trickling down the back of the throat and irritating nerve endings.

Postnasal drip is due to allergies or a cold and is the most common type of cough. A cough related to allergies may also be accompanied by sneezing or itching while cold symptoms may cause congestion and a sore throat. You may also notice that your cough gets worse at night.

Time and patience will usually remedy the common cold, and a spoonful of local, raw honey before bed can help you sleep. If you suspect an allergy, try avoiding the source and consider taking an over the counter antihistamine.


Indicating factors: Dry, spasmodic cough that usually starts or becomes worse when you are lying down or eating.

GERD, or more commonly known as acid reflux, occurs when acid from your stomach backs up into your esophagus. This condition is the second most common cause of chronic coughing, comprising about 40% of cases. When food passes through the esophagus into the stomach, a valve, known as the lower esophageal sphincter (LES) closes, which prevents food or acid from coming back up the throat. GERD is caused by an untimed relaxation of the LES which causes acid to flow backward from the stomach.

In 75% of cases, chronic cough is the only symptom of acid reflux, so it is vital to be aware of this condition. Treatments vary, so it is best to consult your doctor for an appropriate diagnosis and course of action regarding GERD.