Queen Mary I, first queen of England, also known as Bloody Mary for her persecution of Protestants was born in Palace of Placentia, Greenwich. She ruled from 1553 until her death in 1558.
1930: Pluto is discovered
Photographic evidence of Pluto was discovered by Clyde Tombaugh at Lowell Observatory in Flagstaff, Arizona. Initially considered the ninth planet in the Solar System, it was reclassified as a dwarf planet by International Astronomical Union in 2006.
2001: Dale Earnhardt dies in crash
Seven-time NASCAR Sprint Cup Series champion Dale Earnhardt Sr., considered as one of the greatest car racers, died at the age of 49 in an accident during the 43rd Daytona 500 in Daytona Beach, Florida.
2003: South Korean subway fire
South Korean rescue workers inspect a subway train destroyed by a fire at a subway station in Daegu, 200 miles southeast of Seoul, South Korea. About 120 people were killed and at least 135 injured after a man ignited a milk carton filled with flammable material.
Cats can have 8 times as many rod cells than humans, allowing them to see much better in low light. They’re elliptical pupils and a structure called “tapetum lucidum” help collect more light back to the retina for better night vision. It’s because of this that cats are some of nature’s best nocturnal hunters!
2. Cats Show Affection With Their Eyes
When your cat gazes at you with its eyes half closed or blinks slowly, it’s a sign of trust! It means they are relaxed and content around you. These slow blinks can be thought of as kitty kisses!
3. The Oldest Known Pet Cat is From 9,500 Years Ago
Most people think the Egyptians domesticated cats, but the oldest record of a pet cat is from 9,500 years ago in Cyprus, Greece. This predates egyptian cats by 4,000 years!
4. A French Cat Was Sent on a Space Mission
Félicette, also known as “Astro Cat” was the first and only cat to visit outer space. Electrodes wired in her brain sent signals of neurological activity back to earth. Her mission was in 1963 and she made it back safely!
5. Cats Hear Better Than Dogs.
Cats can hear two octaves higher than humans and 1 octave higher than dogs. An article posted on animal planet’s websitesays that cat ears are “like a sophisticated satellite dish turning to pick up a signal.”
6. Egyptian Cats Had Elaborate Funerals
In ancient Egypt, the family of a deceased cat would mourn by shaving off their eyebrows and having a burial ceremony. They would mummify the cat along with some mice to keep them company in the afterlife.
7. Cat Brains are More Similar to Human Brains than Dog Brains
Human brains and cat brains have a very similar structure. Cats and humans have identical regions of the brain responsible for emotion. They even have the capacity for short-term and long-term memory, just like humans.
8. Some Cats Like Water!
Some cats in hot climates like to cool off by taking a dip. For example, Turkish Vans love to swim and hunt fish. Most cats don’t like water because their fur is not water resistant, but the Turkish Van has a water resistant coat.
9. Cats Sweat Through Their Paws
Cats don’t have sweat glands all over their body like humans do. Instead, they sweat through their paws. A sweaty cat may leave behind wet paw-prints! Since their paws have very little surface area, they take extra steps to stay cool like finding a shady spot or laying down on cool surfaces.
10. Cats Can’t Taste Sweet Things
Cats are the only known mammals who do not have taste receptors for sweetness. A 2005 Monell Chemical Senses Center study in Philadelphia found that cats lack the amino acids needed to make the sugar detector gene. This is true for all cats- lions, tigers, and leopards included.
The true origins of who held the first Memorial Day celebration is a debated subject.
Approximately 620,000 soldiers on both sides died during the Civil War.
The Grand Army of the Republic was created by the Union Army to honor their dead. After World War I the American Legion took over their duties.
Congress passed a law in 2000 that requires all Americans to stop what they are doing at 3pm on Memorial Day to remember and to honor those who have died serving the United States. President Clinton signed this action.
The flag is supposed to be flown at half-mast until noon, and then raised to full mast until sunset on Memorial Day.
The tradition of wearing red poppies on Memorial Day originated from John McCrae’s 1915 poem In Flanders Fields. In Canada they wear red poppies to honor their soldiers on Remembrance Day in November each year.
Although not as popular today, one tradition was to eat a picnic meal while sitting on the ground of a cemetery. There are still some people in the rural areas of the South that continue to practice this tradition.
It’s common for volunteers to place the American flag on graves in the national cemeteries. Memorial Day is also a popular day for people to visit cemeteries and honor those who have died while serving in the military.
It’s estimated that approximately 32 million people travel by car over Memorial Day weekend.
Memorial Day also marks the beginning of the summer vacation season while Labor Day marks the end.
In some areas of the rural South, they hold annual Decoration Days around this time for certain cemeteries, often in the mountains.
Memorial Day is sometimes confused with Veterans Day. However, Veterans Day honors all United States military veterans, while Memorial Day honors the soldiers who died while serving.
In 1966, President Johnson named Waterloo, New York as the original place of Memorial Day.
There were more American lives lost during the Civil War then the two World Wars combined. Approximately 620,000 died during the Civil War while approximately 116,516 died in World War I and approximately 405,399 died in World War II.
There are more than 300,000 fallen soldiers buried at Arlington Cemetery. On average, there are 28 burials there each day.
Alabama, Georgia, Louisiana, Mississippi, North and South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas and Virginia celebrate Confederate Memorial Day. These are former Confederate states, and they celebrate on various other days ranging from January 19th to June 3rd.
In 2012 there was a movie made called Memorial Day. John and James Cromwell and Jonathan Bennett starred in the film. The story revolves around a 13 year old boy who finds his grandpa’s footlocker from the 2nd World War.